Negative Results | Instructions for authors of Scientific Journal Negative Results
Informations about Instructions for Authors of Scientific Journal Negative Results
Negative Result Data Finding Scientific Journal Research Instructions Authors Directive Writer Negative-Results
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Instructions For Authors

Negative Results publishes papers of excellence, wide interest and broad significance in all aspects of biology. The emphasis of the journal is on full research papers of any length required for concise presentation and discussion of the data. Succinct and carefully prepared papers are favored in terms of impact as well as readability.

Submission to Negative Results is taken to imply that it reports unpublished work that is under consideration or in press elsewhere. (Abstracts do not compromise novelty)


Peer-Reviewed Research Manuscripts

Research Articles (up to ~4500 words, including references, notes and captions, or ~5 printed pages) are expected to present a major negative finding. Research Articles include an abstract, an introduction, up to six figures or tables, sections with brief subheadings, and about 40 references. Materials and Methods should be included supplementary materials, which should also include information needed to support the paper’s conclusions.

Reports (up to ~2500 words including references, notes and captions or ~3 printed pages) present important new research results. Reports should include an abstract, an introductory paragraph, up to four figures or tables, and about 30 references. Materials and Methods should usually be included in supplementary materials, which should also include information needed to support the paper’s conclusions.

The publication of negative results is essential to research progress.


Prepare the manuscript text using a word processing package (save in .doc format). Number the pages using the page numbering feature of the word processing software. Articles should be subdivided into the following sequence of sections:

  • Title page
  • Key Words
  • Abstract
  • Introduction
  • Results
  • Discussion (combined Results and Discussion for Reports)
  • Experimental Procedures
  • Acknowledgments
  • Conflict of Interest Statement
  • References, Figures (limit of 3 for Reports)
  • Table (if applicable)

Title page

The title should be short, specific and informative. The first name, initial(s), and surname of each author should be followed by his or her department, institution, city with postcode, and country. The fax, telephone number and Email address of the corresponding author (only one author is designated as the corresponding author ) should also be provided. Any changes of address may be given in footnotes. A footnote stating ‘The authors wish it to be known that, in their opinion, the first x authors should be regarded as joint First Authors’ is permitted.


The second page of the manuscript should contain the Abstract, which must not exceed 250 words. The Abstract should be comprehensible to readers before they have read the paper, and reference citations must be avoided. It is essential that the Abstract clearly states the biological importance of the work described in the paper.

Graphical Abstract

A graphical abstract should allow readers to quickly gain an understanding of the main take-home message of the paper and is intended to help readers identify more quickly which papers are most relevant to their research interests. Graphical abstracts should be submitted once a paper has been accepted for publication. Preferred file types: TIFF, EPS, PDF or MS Office files.


The Introduction should be succinct, with no subheadings, and should present the background information necessary to provide a biological context for the results.


This section should be divided with subheadings. Footnotes should not be used.


The Discussion should explain the significance of the results and place them into a broader context. The discussion section could be fused with the results section when submitting a report.

Experimental Procedures

Provide sufficient detail to allow the work to be reproduced. Methods already published should be indicated by a reference: only relevant modifications should be described.


This section may acknowledge contributions from non-authors and/or list funding sources, and it should include a statement of any conflicts of interest. Please check this section carefully, as we cannot allow amendments or corrections after publication.

Conflicts of interest

All authors are expected to disclose financial relationships, consultancies, stock or equity interests, patent-licensing arrangements, or any other interest of a financial nature, whether or not directly related to the subject material of the study, since it could undermine the objectivity, integrity, or perceived value of the publication.


References should include only articles that are published or in press. These should be numbered in order of appearance in the text (in parentheses) and must be listed numerically in the reference list. Please use the style shown below for references.

  • Watson, J.D., and Crick, F.H.C. (1953). Molecular structure of nucleic acids: a structure for deoxyribose nucleic acid. Nature 171, 737–738


Figures are cited sequentially in the text using Arabic numerals (for example, Figure 7). Type appearing within figures (axis labels, for example) is in Cambria and is of sufficient size and contrast to retain clarity if reduced in size. Standard abbreviations are used whenever possible. Do not include tabular material within figures. For submission to Negative Results, compressed figure files should be included in the PDF of the manuscript. For accepted manuscripts, authors will be required to submit high-resolution figures.


Tables should include a title, and footnotes and/or legend should be concise. Include tables in the submitted manuscript as a separate section.

Preparing your manuscript

We accept submissions only online Preparing a manuscript that follows our guidelines concerning length, style and acceptable file formats will facilitate the evaluation process.


To provide open access, expenses are offset by a publication fee of 300€ that will allow Negative Results to support itself in a fully sustainable way. This publication charge is the only fee that is requested.


After final acceptance, the manuscript will be passed to the production team to be copyedited and prepared for publication in Negative Results. Figures may be resized during the production process. PDF proofs will arrive via e-mail about 2 weeks prior to publication and must be returned with corrections with 1 week after receipt.